Back pain has many different causes and symptoms. If it lasts for more than 3 months, it is identified as chronic pain.
Clinical manifestations of chronic back pain, such as severe back blocks, pain in the lumbar spine radiating to the limbs, impaired loss of sensation or general mobility, or back pain that persists after surgery, indicate significant changes that may significantly affect the quality of life. After acute upper respiratory tract infection, back pain is the second most common cause of work-leave in people under 45 years of age.
The back is a complex structure of bones, joints, ligaments and muscles. Back pain can be caused by damaged back ligaments, excessively stressed back muscles, as well as damaged spinal discs or irritated spinal joints. While sports injuries or accidents are the most common cause of back pain, sometimes even the simplest movements – such as lifting a pencil off the floor – can have very painful consequences. In addition to these causes, back pain can also cause or be complicated by arthritis, poor posture, obesity, and mental stress. Back pain can also result directly from diseases of internal organs such as kidney stones, kidney infections, blood clots or bone loss.
Virtually every person encounters back pain – statistically it manifests itself at least once in their lives in up to 80% of the adult population. Back pain due to degenerative spinal disease, the changes of which may be evident between the ages of 30 and 40, pathological changes of the spine due to injury or after surgery are always a clear signal for finding a specialist.