Movement patterns or stereotypes, which include leaning forward, turning the trunk, head and neck, walking, standing, etc., form the basis of movement. As a result of repeated movements and positions that a person performs every day and for a long time, the accuracy of movement can be lost and, consequently, the complex biomechanical and motor components of the locomotor system can be changed, which are the cause of its functional failure.
Musculoskeletal disorders are a common cause of pain and tissue damage. Pain is most common in the lumbar, cervical and thoracic spine, upper and lower limbs, as well as the pelvic area.
What are the most common causes of movement stereotypes?
- Long-term unilateral load
- Overloading and loading of the musculoskeletal system
- Unnatural position of the body (forward bend, tilt, rotation)